The physiological changes associated with pregnancy lead to a slight increase in nutritional requirements and weight gain that can be dangerous to try to avoid. However, weight gain must be kept under control to ensure the health of the mother and the baby.
What recommendations for pregnant women?
Adult feeding recommendations remain appropriate for pregnant women. If their diet is varied and varied, then this is enough to cover the increased needs during pregnancy. The only supplements sometimes prescribed relate to iron, The Folic acid or the vitamin Dr.
We must make sure that we consume foods from the five major food families every day: bread, starches, meat, fish, eggs, fruits, vegetables, dairy, and fats. By adopting reasonable proportions and abstaining from snacks, the expectant mother will avoid gaining weight. On average, a pregnant woman should consume 150-200 grams of meat and fish eggs, 250-300 grams of starchy foods, 150 grams of bread, 200-300 grams of vegetables, and four to six dairy products. , three fruits, and 50 grams of fat per day.
|alcohol and pregnancy|
|consumption alcohol – Whatever it is – a pregnant woman can prove tragic for the baby, and most importantly, she takes alcohol Regular and excessive. The alcohol It quickly spreads across the placenta and mixes with the fetus’s blood. It can lead to developmental delays and severe abnormalities, especially brain developmental disorders. The alcohol Sometimes it causes a loss in folic acid. For all these reasons, its consumption should remain exceptional and limited to a very small amount.|
Increased energy needs
The energy needs of a pregnant woman increase due to the growth of the fetus, but also due to physiological modifications specific to pregnancy: placenta formation (0.7 kilos) and amniotic fluid (1 kg), an increase in the size of the uterus and breasts (1.6 kg), the formation of fat reserves (3 to 4 kg) and an increase in blood volume (1.5 kg). Extra calories need an average of 280-300 calories per day.
|For children, the ideal birth weight is 3-4 kilograms, but the range of weights is practically much wider. Recent studies seem to indicate that children’s morbid nutritional status at birth may contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes in adulthood.|