The discovery of cooking was a revolution in human nutrition, because it made food that was previously indigestible and delicious. As a final step before tasting, food preparation must meet both cultural customs and individual tastes, but also respect the nutritional quality of the products used.
Sterilization effect of cooking food
Some of the microorganisms that live in our food are harmless and even beneficial to our health, such as the lactobacilli in milk. A few of them can poison our foods, especially those of animal origin, and lead to mild health problems – turista Or more serious such as parasitic infections.
Cooking eliminates many of these dangerous microorganisms, or at least slows down their reproduction. The cooking temperature should be suitable for Germs that we are trying to eradicate : Fried eggs, for example, should be cooked over 180°C to eliminate salmonella that could be in the egg white; Fresh pork should be cooked above 160 ° C.
The consumption of raw products of animal origin implies strict compliance with certain hygiene rules. Raw milk, seafood, sushi, tartar, and fire can be the source of many inconveniences.
|Microorganisms||comorbidities||Where are they found?|
|Campylobacter jejuni||Diarrhea seer||Raw meat and poultry, raw milk.|
|Clostridium botulinum||botulism poisoning.||Poorly sterilized or damaged cans and raw smoked fish.|
|clostridium perfringens||Diarrhea, Stomach ache.||Dishes of undercooked poultry, meat or fish.|
|Escherichia coli||Diarrhea, Inflammation of the stomach and intestines.||Raw beef.|
|Listeria monocytogenes||Generalized infections and inflammations The central nervous system, abortion.||Raw meat, seafood, raw milk, and some raw milk cheeses.|
|salmonella||Gastroenteritis and fever typhoid and paratyphoid.||Undercooked poultry, meat, eggs, dried fruit, and fresh produce.|
|Staphylococcus golden||local purulent infections, Sepsis, food poisoning.||creams; tuna, chicken, egg or grated carrot salad; Cream pastries (eclairs, etc.).|
|Toxoplasm||infections, Neurological disorders, fetal abnormalities.||Undercooked meat, vegetables, or berries that have been contaminated with cat feces.|