Nutritional labels for food are regulated and harmonized at the European level. The packaging provides information about the average nutritional value of the product, the amount of energy and the nutrient composition. Getting used to the habit of deciphering and comparing this information fully contributes to the creation of a balanced diet.
The nutritional information in a specific table (see figure) is numerous.
- The Energy value It is the amount of energy (calories, calories or kilojoules) contained in 100 grams of the product or in a portion (here a bag).
- The Protein content It is the number of grams of protein in 100 grams of a product or serving.
- The Content carbohydrates is the number of grams of carbohydrates (sugars) in 100 grams of product or in one serving. The sugars They are often listed separately from starch.
- The Fat content It is the number of grams of fat (fat) in 100 grams of a product or serving. Contents cholesterol and in fatty acids It is indicated more and more often. Prefer low-fat foods. The fatty acids saturated surplus enhancement cholesterolChoose foods that contain as little as possible. please fatty acids polysaturated (Omega 3 in particular).
- The Dietary fiber content It is the amount of dietary fiber in 100 grams of a product or one serving.
- The Content sodium is quantity sodium (salt) in 100 grams of product or one serving. Choose foods low in sodium (0.4 grams of sodium Corresponds to 1 g of salt).
- The Content vitamins is quantity vitamins In 100 grams of product or in portion, expressed in milligrams and as a percentage of the recommended daily allowance (RDI) for each type of vitamin.
Since 2017, a new nutritional logo (Nutri-Score) can be affixed to food products.
RDAs and ANCs
The AJR (Recommended Daily Intakes) are internationally constant values, which correspond to the average needs of the population. These reference values constitute a goal that is easier to achieve than the recommended dietary intake (African National Congress Party) and give an idea of the recommended minimum intake vitamins. In contrast to ANCs, RDIs do not differ by age and gender.